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考研英语真题练习你都做了吗?

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  考研英语真题练习你都做了吗?在考研备考期间,做真题分析真题是不可缺少的一部分,尤其是在备考后期一定要多做真题,小编今天给大家准备了一篇阅读练习题,选自的是2020考研英语一的第二篇英语阅读题,大家可以做一下!

考研

  Text2

  Scientificpublishinghaslongbeenalicencetoprintmoney.Scientistsneedjoumalsinwhichtopublishtheirresearch,sotheywillsupplythearticleswithoutmonetaryreward.Otherscientistsperformthespecialisedworkofpeerreviewalsoforfree,becauseitisacentralelementintheacquisitionofstatusandtheproductionofscientificknowledge.

  Withthecontentofpaperssecuredforfree,thepublisherneedsonlyfndamarketforitsjournal.Untilthiscentury,universitylibrarieswerenotverypricesensitive.Scientificpublishersroutinelyreportprofitmarginsapproaching40%ontheiroperations,atatimewhentherestofthepublishingindustryisinanexistentialcrisis.

  TheDutchgiantElsevier,whichclaimstopublish25%ofthescientificpapersproducedintheworld,madeprofitsofmorethan?900mlastyear,whileUKuniversitiesalonespentmorethan?210min2016toenableresearcherstoaccesstheirownpubliclyfundedresearch;bothfiguresseemtoriseunstoppablydespiteincreasinglydesperateeffortstochangethem.

  Themostdrastic,andthoroughlyillegal,reactionhasbeentheemergenceofSci-Hub,akindofglobalphotocopierforscientificpapers,setupin2012,whichnowclaimstoofferaccesstoeverypaywalledarticlepublishedsince2015.ThesuccessofSci-Hub,whichreliesonresearcherspassingoncopiestheyhavethemselveslegallyaccessed,showsthelegalecosystemhaslostlegitimacyamongitsusersandmustbetransformedsothatitworksforallparticipants.

  InBritainthemovetowardsopenaccesspublishinghasbeendrivenbyfundingbodies.Insomewaysithasbeenverysuccessful.MorethanhalfofallBritishscientificresearchisnowpublishedunderopenaccessterms:eitherfreelyavailablefromthemomentofpublication,orpaywalledforayearormoresothatthepublisherscanmakeaprofitbeforebeingplacedongeneralrelease.

  Yetthenewsystemhasnotworkedoutanycheaperfortheuniversities.Publishershaverespondedtothedemandthattheymaketheirproductfreetoreadersbychargingtheirwritersfeestocoverthecostsofpreparinganarticle.Theserangefromaround£500to$5,000.Areportlastyearpointedoutthatthecostsbothofsubscriptionsandofthese’’articlepreparationcosts’’hadbeensteadilyrisingatarateaboveinflation.Insomewaysthescientificpublishingmodelresemblestheeconomyofthesocialinternet:labourisprovidedfreeinexchangeforthehopeofstatus,whilehugeprofitsaremadebyafewbigfirmswhorunthemarketplaces.Inbothcases,weneedarebalancingofpower.

  26.Scientificpublishingisseenas“alicencetoprintmoney"partlybecause________[A]itsfundinghasenjoyedasteadyincrease.  [B]itsmarketingstrategyhasbeensuccessful.  [C]itspaymentforpeerreviewisreduced.  [D]itscontentacquisitioncostsnothing.

  27.AccordingtoParagraphs2and3,scientificpublishersElsevierhave________[A]thrivedmainlyonuniversitylibraries.  [B]gonethroughanexistentialcrisis.  [C]revivedthepublishingindustry.  [D]financedresearchersgenerously.

  28.HowdoestheauthorfeelaboutthesuccessofSci-Hub?  [A]Relieved.  [B]Puzzled.  [C]Concerned  [D]Encouraged.

  29.ItcanbelearnedfromParagraphs5and6thatopenaccessterms________[A]allowpublisherssomeroomtomakemoney.  [B]renderpublishingmucheasierforscientists.  [C]reducethecostofpublicationsubstantially.  [D]freeuniversitiesfromfinancialburdens.

  30.Whichofthefollowingcharacterisesthescientificpublishingmodel?  [A]Trialsubscriptionisoffered.  [B]Labourtriumphsoverstatus.  [C]Costsarewellcontrolled.  D]Thefewfeedonthemany.

  正确答案:25-30:DABAD

  以上就是今天的英语真题练习,答案也已经给到大家了,阅读题在考研英语中所占的比重是比较大的,所以阅读这一部分一定要好好练习,当然其他部分也不能怠慢,希望大家可以好好做,不断努力进步,争取可以考研初试中取得好成绩。



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